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Household Air Pollution: The Invisible Killer Inside Our Homes

If you think you’re safe from all air pollutants inside your home, you might have to think again.

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Photo by Wes Hicks on Unsplash

Ideally, the quality of air inside our households should be fresh, free of chemicals and other pollutants, and it should also maintain comfortable temperatures and humidity levels. However, a recent study conducted by a team of researchers from Washington State University said otherwise — there are high levels of pollutants, such as formaldehyde and probably mercury, in indoor air.

Furthermore, they also discovered that the levels of these pollutants vary throughout the day and increase with rising temperature. The study was led by Tom Jobson, a professor in the Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, and a graduate student, Yibo Huangfu. It was published recently in the journal Building and Environment.

Air pollution is considered by the World Health Organization (WHO) as an “invisible killer” that lurks around us, affecting all age groups. Household air pollution, specifically, is known to be one of the leading causes of diseases and deaths in developing countries.

It is estimated that there were about 3.8 million deaths in 2016 that are attributed to exposure to smoke from cooking fires. It also accounts for 7.7% of the global mortality. This type of pollution dramatically impacts our health, resulting in adverse health conditions such as stroke, heart disease, lung cancer, and respiratory infections such as pneumonia.

Typically, we would automatically associate pollution with outdoor air and rarely with air inside our households. Unfortunately, indoor air is not as clean and fresh as we think it is. As what Jobson said, “people think of air pollution as an outdoor problem, but they fail to recognize that they’re exposing themselves to much higher emission rates inside their homes.” The issue should be taken seriously since, according to statistics, people spend about 90% of their time inside houses/buildings.

According to the WHO, there are a variety of pollutants suspended indoor like smoke, mold, building materials, home products, volatile organic compounds (VOCs), and naturally occurring gases. Smoke is the most frequently encountered and the most dangerous due to its fine particles and carbon monoxide content.

In the study, the team of researchers monitored several homes – which they perceive as representative of typical households in the United States. They discovered that the formaldehyde present in indoor air also increased in concentration as the temperature rises. And that’s between three and five parts per billion every time the temperature increased one degree Celsius.

“As a home gets hotter, there is a lot more formaldehyde in the home. The materials are hotter and they off-gas at higher rates,” Jobson said. It could be inferred that heat waves and changing regional climate may affect the quality of air inside houses/buildings.

Before this study, people assumed that the number of pollutants remained the same throughout the day. But, according to the findings of this study, the levels of pollution vary throughout the day. The contaminants were highest in amount during the afternoon, while it was at its lowest in the early morning.

Surprisingly, a house that was built in the early 1970s with gypsum wallboard found to emit high levels of formaldehyde and probably mercury after it was heated. The heating system of the house was radiant heating in the ceiling — one of the most popular heating systems back then. The gypsum that makes up the radiant heating system is alleged to be responsible for the high levels of formaldehyde since it is usually made from waste products of the coal industry.

To test their hypothesis, the researchers tried to obtain a piece, heated it up in the laboratory, and true enough, formaldehyde was detected in high levels – about 159 parts per billion. Although the substance is unregulated in the United States, the US Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry under the Centers for Disease Control has set the safety threshold to only eight parts per billion. “Exposure to these chemicals impacts people’s ability to think and learn,” said Jobson. “It’s important for people to be more cognizant of the risk — opening a window is a good thing.”

In an article by The Seattle Times, a key measure to improve indoor air quality is through the use of an efficient ventilation system. Limiting the introduction of pollutants is the first important step in preserving and protecting the quality of air in your households, and this can be achieved by mechanical ventilation systems.

Green roofs – roofs that are planted with vegetation could also be another potential solution, especially for commercial buildings. Benefits of green roofs include reduced carbon dioxide levels, as well as, decreased stormwater runoff and urban heat.

1 Comment

1 Comment

  1. Vincent

    June 7, 2019 at 3:09 pm

    You can transform the walls of your home into a permanent air purification system. Simply mix the ionic paint additive with interior house paint and apply the blended mixture to the walls. One application will be effective for 8-12 years eliminating offensive smoking, cat urine odors, and airborne viruses

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AMCA Breach: 20 Million Victims, 19 Class Actions

AMCA previously reported that there were only 200,000 victims in the recent breach, but their partner labs said there were more than 20 million. Click To Tweet

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AMCA previously reported that there were only 200,000 victims in the recent breach but the company, but their partner labs said there were more than 20 million.
AMCA previously reported that there were only 200,000 victims in the recent breach but the company, but their partner labs said there were more than 20 million. Photo: cbgrfx123 | Flickr | CC BY-SA 2.0

More than 20 million and not 200,000 have fallen victim to a massive data breach that has seen medical clients using the services of healthcare billing company, American Medical Collection Agency (AMCA), to pay for their laboratory tests in different blood testing labs across the U.S. were confirmed by the SEC filings of affected medical institutions amidst the earlier claims of AMCA that there were fewer victims.

The data breach was a result of a cyber attack that aims to phish for financial information from the website of the AMCA. The exposed data belongs to Americans who paid laboratory services at several clinical and blood testing labs and institutions and used the AMCA billing portal.

What happened in the AMCA breach?

Data that were stolen from the victims include their names, phone numbers, dates of birth, home addresses, social security numbers, credit card numbers, and other bank details. The said information was auctioned off by the hacker in several financial hacking forums.

According to DataBreaches.net, the organization who first reported about the incident, AMCA officials, following the notification of the breach confirmed that their system has been compromised and has remained undetected for more than eight months. AMCA corroborated that the breach took place between August 1, 2018, and March 30, 2019.

Notifications have been sent by several of AMCA’s corporate partners and clients to their customers following the disclosure of the security breach that has seen information from millions of Americans compromised.

Related: Hospitals Only Spend 5% Of Its Budget For Cybersecurity Amidst 82% Of Them Reporting To Have Been Attacked

The list of impacted testing laboratories includes Quest Diagnostics (11.9 million patients), LabCorp (7.7 million patients), BioReference Laboratories (Opko Health subsidiary, 422,600 patients), Carecentrix (500,000 patients), and Sunrise Laboratories (undisclosed number of patients).

However, neither the AMCA nor its five clients have yet to notify ALL impacted citizens by the breach making them vulnerable to a lot of cyber crimes and their financial data could be used by anyone who gets hold of the information against the persons of those who still don’t know that their financial information is floating around the internet.

The companies involved in the breach are facing several lawsuits

Appropriately, the lawsuit came into the direction of AMCA, Quest, and LabCorp regarding the incident. More than 11 class-suite actions have been filed against the three companies for their inability to protect consumer data. The 11 lawsuits were recorded at The United States Judicial Panel on Multidistrict Litigation (JPML) on June 3. Since then, eight more lawsuits were filed against the companies in federal courts from New Jersey, New York, and California.

According to litigation experts, “If many cases are filed in federal court, any of the lawyers on any of those cases can file a motion with the JPML [..] to centralize the various federal cases that have been filed by sending all of them to a single judge for coordinated pre-trial proceedings.”

“Healthcare companies are especially susceptible to data breaches not only because they aggregate a tremendous amount of important and sensitive data, but also because they tend to be less focused on cybersecurity protection than other industries,” said John Yanchunis of Morgan and Morgan, one of the firms who filed lawsuits against Quest Diagnostics.

“These companies, like Quest Diagnostics, know they are at an increased risk and yet have not taken the proper steps to protect their patients’ data. We will fight for justice on behalf of those impacted by this breach,” added Yanchunis.

Lawmakers are demanding an explanation

The U.S. government, led by attorneys general from Connecticut and Illinois has also opened an investigation on the matter. Furthermore, lawmakers and other politicians have sent letters to the responding companies to ask for an explanation of why an eight-month data breach remained undetected and to demand accountability from them.

In Washington, US Sen. Mark Warner (D-VA) also sent a letter to Quest Laboratories demanding the company explain its vetting process for selecting AMCA as a billing vendor, and what requirements a third-party vendor has to pass. Democratic New Jersey Sens. Cory Booker and Bob Menendez also sent letters to AMCA, Quest, and LabCorp, seeking official answers on how a breach of this severity went undetected for eight months.

“The months-long leak leaves sensitive personal and financial information vulnerable in the hands of criminal enterprises. Moreover, such breaches force victims to contend with identity theft that may lead to irreparable harm to their credit reports and financial future,” said the letter sent by the NJ senators.

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‘Beyond Meat’ Is Introducing Ground Beef In Its Product Line

Beyond Meat is launching a plant-based ground beef alternative that tastes and cooks like your regular pound of ground beef Click To Tweet

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Source: Beyond Meat

Beyond Meat is launching a new product in its line of vegetarian-friendly meat alternatives, a one-pound package of ground beef meant to target America’s biggest seller in the meat department.

Beyond Meat is a Los Angeles-based producer of plant-based meat substitutes founded in 2009 by Ethan Brown. The company aims to supply people’s needs to consume conventional meat with healthier alternatives that are derived from plants. The company’s products became available across the United States in 2013. In May 2016, it released the first plant-based burger to be sold in the meat section of grocery stores, on an international basis

Ground beef will be Beyond Meat’s line of plant-based meat like burger patties and sausages. Recently, Beyond Meat pulled out its chicken strips for improvement. The plant-based ground beef will be called Beyond Beef and will be available in stores nationwide.

The “meat” is made from a blend of pea, mung bean, and rice proteins, and contains 25 percent less saturated fat than real beef. Aso, Beyond Beef has 20 grams of protein per four-ounce serving with a “fibrous texture” similar to beef. The company also claims that the plant-based ground beef is “versatile enough to be used in any ground beef recipe” and can be used to make your usual meatballs or for toppings in your tacos.

Beyond Beef will be offered at the Whole Foods Market in Boulder, Co., where the first Beyond Meat product was first sold at a grocery store.

“We wanted to get back to our roots and show our appreciation to the place where it all began with a little sneak preview,” the company wrote on Instagram. “…Come be among the first to try this delicious new product that delivers the versatility, meaty texture and juiciness of ground beef with less of the baggage!”

Beyond Meat’s announcement of Beyond Beef comes after the company admitting that it is still working on improving its recipe in terms of appearance, aroma, texture, and taste. The improvements are said to make their products resemble real meat better.

“It’s challenging because we aren’t satisfied with our current products. And so as much as I love to hear and to really do that you know you’ve gone out to buy the product. Part of me cringes because I know that I have a product here that’s so much better than that,” Brown tells The Verge. “We are on this mission to build a perfect piece of meat and that product is imperfect. There are things about it that aren’t exactly like meat and that really bothers us.”

Particularly, Beyond Meat’s original plant-based burger patty now has a meatier taste and texture with marbling that ‘melts and tenderizes like beef.’ The company says that they used coconut oil and cocoa butter to mimic the marbling effect.

Additionally, Beyond Meat is making their patties with more ‘neutral flavor and aroma’, and is a complete protein source from its blend of pea, mung bean, and rice proteins. It remains to be free from GMO, soy, and gluten.

“We believe in a better Beyond. A Beyond that’s always striving for more. That’s, why we created the new, MEATIER Beyond Burger™. With mouthwatering marbling, a meatier chew, and all the juicy, GMO-free deliciousness you loved in the original, this new burger is closer to beef than ever before,” its website reads.

Brown was often asked by his mother: “Why are you so focused on perfectly replicating animal protein? Why don’t you just build a new source of protein for the front of the plate that people get really excited about?” I think we ought to earn that right. We have to prove that we can do this because the only thing that I know with absolute certainty about the consumer is that the consumer loves meat… Most of us do. Around 94 percent of the population here in the United States. And so that’s a really clear target for me,” Brown responds.

Brown, whose company entered the US stock market earlier this year, described the burger as a ‘stop along that way’, telling CNN Business: “It’s certainly not the end game.”

Shares of Beyond Meat were up more than 10% in early trading Monday on news reported by CNN. Now, Beyond Meat shares are up more than 550% since the company’s IPO in early May.

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Kansas Mom Had Her Children Take Doses Of Industrial Bleach Or Miracle Mineral Solution (MMS) — The Police Response Raised Eyebrows

A mom from Kansas has been administering bleach to cure her sons' autism but police shrugged reports off with Youtube videos as proof. Click To Tweet

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A mom from Kansas has been administering bleach to cure her sons' autism but police shrugged reports off with Youtube videos as proof.
Miracle Mineral Solution is just bleach. Photo: Your Best Digs | Flickr | CC BY 2.0

]ust when the public health community is starting to think that they have already got a little hold on the medical misinformation against vaccination, another pseudoscientific cure known as “Miracle Mineral Solution” or “MMS” is now gaining traction among different social media platforms, especially in Youtube and Facebook — as various “testimonials” are sprouting in support of this so-called miracle cure.

Miracle Mineral Solution or MMS promises to cure various diseases like autism, acne, HIV, hepatitis, flu, and malaria. It sounds well-intentioned except that MMS is chlorine dioxide, the scientific term for industrial bleach. These “testimonials” are advocating for parents to use industrial bleach to cure their children’s illness even against the warning of established health institutions regarding the potential health problems that taking in bleach inside one’s body could cause.

The Food and Drug Administration has warned that MMS “can cause serious harm to health” and said the agency “has received several reports of health injuries from consumers using this product, including severe nausea, vomiting, and life-threatening low blood pressure from dehydration.” According to the FDA, anyone who started administering this “cure” should stop immediately and “throw them all away.”

Youtuber promotes MMS based on experience with her own sons

One particular Youtuber has opened her channel to preach about the health benefits of MMS. Her name is Laurel Austin of Lenexa, Kansas. According to her videos, she has started feeding her children, whose four out of six of them has autism, with chlorine dioxide and she said that the “cure” has helped her children manage the symptoms of autism.

According to an NBC News report, the first time she fed one of her sons the bleach solution, she filmed the moment and shared it with her thousands of subscribers. Reporter Brandy Zadrozny described the video, writing that after the young man, who has autism, took the solution, “his arms seem to twist around one another involuntarily, and he screams into his forearm before taking a bite of a banana.”

Considering the predicament the mother is experiencing, having four children with autism, it was reported by various sources that by reviewing her social media accounts, it is easy to say that the mother has been trying different alternative cures to help her children. According to a review of her social media accounts and documents from Lenexa police department, Austin has given regular doses of chlorine dioxide to her two sons, aged 27 and 28.

The police and adult protective services did not do anything about it

According to reports, the father of the children, Bradley Austin, has been trying to have his ex-wife stop from administering the chemicals to his sons since he found out what she was doing in January. However, according to reports, notwithstanding the statements made by Bradley Austin to the authorities, the Lenexa police department and Kansan adult protective services decided not to do anything regarding the matter. The dismissal from law enforcement reportedly baffled Bradley, who told NBC News, “I just want her to stop.”

In defence of the police department, they said that following Bradley Austin’s reports regarding the MMS usage of his ex-wife against their children, a police officer has consulted with a pharmacist at a state poison control center who said it was unsafe. Then police visited Austin’s house where she said she was following the chlorine dioxide protocol of the Kerri Rivera, a prominent promoter of the treatment, which is not a medical professional.

Rivera has been very enthusiastic in championing the supposed health benefits of MMS since 2012. She even wrote a book regarding how the use of chlorine dioxide can purportedly cure autism, a book that she initially offered in Amazon, but the tech giant decided to remove it from its inventory in March citing the harmful contents of the said book. Rivera was also very active in attending interviews and webinars in Youtube to preach about anti-vaccination ideologies and other conspiracy theories. In one occasion, Austin was interviewed alongside Rivera regarding the effects of Miracle Mineral Solutions on her sons with autism.

Furthermore, police documents have shown Austin provided that police officers with several links to Rivera’s contents about chlorine dioxide protocol, and online articles from Autism Research Institute, which promotes the widely debunked notion that vaccines cause autism. A police officer wrote about the articles in the report saying, “This legitimizes the claim by Laurel of her use of MMS CLO2 as a holistic treatment approach.”

The documents also revealed that the police reviewed a list of supplements meant for one of the sons, which advised he take 16 doses of chlorine dioxide treatment each day, one every hour. This was reportedly signed and stamped by a primary care physician at Kansas University’s MedWest Family Medicine Clinic, Sarita Singh.

In her defense, Singh said previously that she approved the chlorine dioxide treatment because she believes it is “benign and not toxic.”

Nonetheless, when asked regarding the issue, both the hospital where Singh is on duty as well as Kansas adult protective services refused to comment citing that the medical cases of Austin’s children are confidential.

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