In the wake of Christchurch mosques shooting in New Zealand that killed 50 people at two mosques, the shooter is expected to appear in court, but New Zealand’s Prime Minister said on Thursday that she wants to do everything to deny him of the attention that he craves for.
“He is a terrorist. He is a criminal. He is an extremist,” Prime Minister Jacinda Ardern said in an address to Parliament. “But he will, when I speak, be nameless.”
“And to others, I implore you,” she added, “speak the names of those who were lost, rather than the name of the man who took them. He may have sought notoriety, but we in New Zealand will give him nothing. Not even his name.”
Her comments that extend to other global news platforms and social media networks to put an end to the proliferation of hateful contents that reflects the global struggle to decongest the information pool from materials that validate the identity of those who should not be named.
Many argued that it is essential to name terrorists and mass shooters and publicize their identity to warn others who might have similar sinister intentions of the consequences they might face if they translate their thoughts to actions. However, it seems that this media strategy is not working.
The number of mass shootings in the US has increased exponentially since the early 2000s. On average, a mass shooting now occurs every 12.5 days. Before 2000, there were about three mass shootings per year. This increase has been seen to grow in the age where information is much more accessible. It appears that the more that these incidents are reported the more that people are inspired to follow their footsteps.
The gunman who attacked two mosques in New Zealand on Friday was said to have been inspired by the man who in 2015 killed nine black worshippers at a church in Charleston, South Carolina. This furthers the contention that other mass shooters in the past practically inspire a new wave of mass shooters.
Experts call this “media contagion effect,” that media coverage can inspire others to copy the actions of criminals or commit similar crimes.
According to the study from University of Washington and University of Alabama, “prior research has shown that many mass shooters have explicitly admitted they want fame and have directly reached out to media organizations to get it. These fame-seeking offenders are particularly dangerous because they kill and wound significantly more victims than other active shooters, they often compete for attention by attempting to maximize victim fatalities, and they can inspire contagion and copycat effects.”
Adam Lankford, a criminologist at the University of Alabama, who has studied the influence of media coverage on future shooters, said it’s vitally important to avoid excessive coverage of shooters.
“A lot of these shooters want to be treated like celebrities. They want to be famous. So the key is not to give them that treatment,” he said.
Not only that identifying the perpetrators provide them the satisfaction of fame, no matter how bad the publicity is, creating an identity to mass shooters, terrorists, and heinous criminals allows sympathizers to generate a counter-narrative that will paint them in a better picture.
Once a shooter or a heinous criminal is identified, news reports will automatically pour in to discuss how a “good father” ended up to become one of the most horrifying mass shooters in history. When information about the shooter’s background, his childhood, his daily life comes into the picture, it is easy for supporters to create a narrative aims to solicit sympathy. And this is dangerous.
This shifts the conversation from “a man has killed 50 people after he shot them” to “a good man may have been motivated by his lack of father figure at home.” The idea of humanizing the perpetrators of mass shootings by creating their identity makes it easier for them to become relatable, reasonable, and for spectators to forget about their crimes.
According to Adam Lankford and Eric Madfis, “media organizations should no longer publish the names or photos of mass shooters (except during ongoing searches for escaped suspects), but report everything else about these crimes in as much detail as desired.”
This notion will not only prevent copy-cats from copying what these mass shooters have done, but it will also stop people from creating a ‘mass shooter archetype.’ While creating a profile of who mass shooters are is important for police investigations, it is not that necessary for people to know. These ‘archetypes’ only forward misguided stereotypes against people who share the same profile – hence the global contention that Islam equates terrorism.
Numerous academic findings lead to one conclusion: mass shooters should not be named. And the police and media should listen to them.
Robocalls Are Terrorizing Debtors More Aggressively As Student Loan Crisis Worsen
Navient has sent more than 3.3 million robocalls to student loan debtors in 2018 alone.
Two of the most prolific problems that terrorize American citizens in this day and age are robocalls and student loan debts. The worse part of it all is that these two problems are feeding off each other to maximize their impact.
Robocalls and student loan debt has one thing tangent to each other: collection agencies. As the student loan crisis gets worse and worse every year, collection agencies get more and more aggressive in terrorizing debtors, experts say.
They’re calling dead people
One emblematic case for this phenomenon is the case of Navient Corp., one of the nation’s largest student-loan servicing companies with 12 million customers. The collection agency tasked for handling student loan debt collection by the federal government is reportedly becoming more and more belligerent in their collection process, including the calls they send to debtors.
In one particular instance, the company has called a debtor’s sister; they called a number for her grandmother, who died a decade ago; they called a number for her father, who died three years ago; and they began calling her friend and housemate.
And this case is not isolated. According to the data revealed by YouMail Robocall Index, Navient ranks 45th in the most number of robocalls sent in 2018. The collection agency has aggregately sent 3,302,400 robocalls from last year alone.
Meanwhile, the company has been slapped with a series of lawsuits and complaints on how they handle their business, and complainants are calling them out for their “illegal tactics.”
More than 1,100 lawsuits and complaints against Navient has been filed at the Federal Trade Commission in the last three months alone, and more than 150 submitted to the Federal Communications Commission since January 2018 over the company’s “harassing” robocalls.
Furthermore, Navient has also been in the center of two class-action suits over alleged unsolicited calls, agreeing to settle for up to $19.7 million in 2017 and another $2.5 million that was finalized this year. In the 2017 case, plaintiffs are accusing Navient of calling them to collect for student loans they did not make; and the second case blames the collection agency of user automatic dialers to get information about borrowers from third parties.
Nonetheless, the data still reveals that the robocalls are flourishing amidst complaints and lawsuits involving Navient and their calling practices.
“Robocalls from these companies have only gotten worse,” said Billy Howard, an attorney with The Consumer Protection Firm, a law firm in Tampa. “They’re being emboldened by these little small settlements that they force people into. Litigation is just another day at the office to them.”
What is being done?
There could be some sort of relief for student loan debtors as the FCC recently voted to allow telecom companies to block robocalls by default and enable carriers to create tools that would help people avoid numbers that are not in their contact lists.
“Allowing call blocking by default could be a big benefit for consumers who are sick and tired of robocalls. By making it clear that such call blocking is allowed, the FCC will give voice service providers the legal certainty they need to block unwanted calls from the outset so that consumers never have to get them,” said Chairman Pai.“And, if this decision is adopted, I strongly encourage carriers to begin providing these services by default—for free—to their current and future customers. I hope my colleagues will join me in supporting this latest attack on unwanted robocalls and spoofing.”
In a similar tone, the Senate and the House of Representatives both have a version of a bill that aims to end the terrorizing robocalls to Americans. Senate’s release, the TRACED (Telephone Robocall Abuse Criminal Enforcement and Deterrence) Act had an almost unanimous vote in the Senate floor with only Rand Paul not voting for it. Meanwhile, the ‘Stop Bad Robocall Act’ has also been proposed by a bipartisan committee in the House and is already set to be voted on this week. It empowers the government and regulatory bodies like the Federal Communication Commission and the Federal Trade Commission to levy heavier punishments against robocallers who violate the law.
‘A Coffee With Ren’ Was Mere Propaganda For ‘Huawei’ And China
Huawei CEO asserts that Huawei’s goal is to serve the good of humanity and announced that they are rebuilding their infra to improve trustworthiness.
As the tension between U.S. and China intensifies and Huawei getting caught right in the middle, the Chinese company stands in its position that they are “serving the humanity” and announced that they are going to improve their technological infrastructure to make it more trustworthy.
Ren Zhengfei, the founder and Chairman of Huawei, understands that their company and their developments are the forefronts of Chinese innovations, and in a live-streamed panel discussion last week, Ren started the company’s position as a “force for the good of humanity and just for scientific advancement and tech development.”
In the panel discussion entitled “A Coffee with Ren,” the company’s highest authority did not dwell on the latest announcement that it would drop $30 billion of revenue, as the brewing US-China trade wars put Huawei in the center of the chaos; instead, he reiterated his message that the company is innocent of what Washington accuses.
The U.S. denounces the company of stealing American technology and intellectual property and installing backdoors on its technology and infrastructures that aids the Chinese government in its cyber espionage and economic sabotage propaganda.
“In the next five years, we will invest US$100 billion in reshaping network architecture, so that networks can be simpler, faster, more secure, and more trustworthy […]At the very least, we should be able to meet the standards of Europe’s GDPR when it comes to privacy protection.” Ren said.
“Of course, our revenue will need to double. If we face financial difficulties, we may cut our R&D investment, but the amount will still be close to that figure. We need to restructure networks and make more contributions to humanity […] Huawei employees are everywhere — in the poorest areas of Africa, in places stricken with malaria, Ebola, or AIDS, and in the wilderness. We don’t make much money there. We are there because of the commitment we have for humanity,” he added.
The US vs. Huawei
For the last few months, Huawei’s credibility has been questioned following an all-out campaign of the Trump administration against the smartphone giant. Washington has been talking to its allies in Europe and Asia-pacific to persuade them to drop Huawei from their bid to install 5G networks in different territories.
Trump’s message was simple: drop Huawei from your 5G technology infrastructure, or else you will suffer consequences. With consequences, the U.S. meant a plethora of economic and security support that they are willing to withdraw from countries who refuse to drop Huawei’s bid.
A few months ago, America’s ambassador to Germany, sent a letter to Berlin to warn them that if they push through with their plans of allowing the Chinese tech company from bidding to build Germany’s 5G system, the U.S. will no longer be able to share sensitive intelligence information with the country — as working with Huawei constitute an adverse security risk for both U.S. and Germany. Trump’s administration has made similar threats to other European nations.
The U.S. believes that the Chinese Communist Party is using Huawei as a tool to carry out massive cyber espionage and economic sabotage campaigns against the west, and allowing them to build the data infrastructure in their countries, would make that task easier for Huawei and the Chinese government.
A Coffee With Ren was a mere propaganda
The live-streamed event, A Coffee with Ren, was propagated for both China and Huawei’s sake; especially since Tian Wei, host of World Insight on the state-run China Global Television Network, moderates the panel discussion.
The edited transcript of the event reflected what the Twitter account @HuaweiFacts calls the “official truth and facts.” Deflection from the issue has become a go-to for both Tian and Ren during the panel discussion. For example, Tian warded off and suppressed questions regarding China’s censorship of Google, and these questions were purposely left out from the “official transcript.”
One panelist was techno-utopian economist George Gilder, whose 1981 best-seller Wealth & Poverty. During his message, the “Official Truth” included his contention that “the basic challenge of the world economy today is to address the scandal of money,” and that the $5.1 trillion of currency trading every 24 hours “accomplishes nothing.” But his statement regarding cryptocurrency being used to steal money from the future “to consume in the present” has also been left out of the transcript.
‘Libra’ Could Be A Victim Of Bad Rep Over Facebook Security
Will Libra survive a storm coming?
Popular social media network and tech giant, Facebook, unveiled its most ambitious venture yet two days ago: The Libra cryptocurrency. However, following an initial market excitement, it seems that the project, even if it’s still has a long way before it can be officially rolled out, has already faced tremendous skepticisms across sectors.
Libra, as Facebook said, is a secured currency; unlike Bitcoin. The new digital money banks on real currencies and government certificates. It also runs on its blockchain technology, the Libra Blockchain, which assures the protection of every transaction involving the new online coin.
Furthermore, as part of Facebook’s assurance that Libra is unlike any other, albeit volatile cryptocurrency already roaming around the internet, the California-based company also announced that the coin would be overseen by an organization it spearheads — The Libra Association. Members of the new organization backing up the new cryptocurrency include payment and financial service providers, among others, like PayPal, Mastercard, and VISA. But of course, Facebook is the face of the organizations.
While Facebook will not have direct control of the Libra currency, the tech company is planning to profit from it by launching a subsidiary, Calibra, which serves as a crypto exchange company for Libra. Calibra is also a digital wallet, where users can store their Facebook coins and process transactions like transferring funds and sending remittances.
Facebook’s security reputation
But security isn’t something Facebook can display around as its badge of honor. The social media platform has been involved in controversies after controversies related to the security that they provide to their users.
One of the biggest blunders faced by Facebook that summoned CEO Mark Zuckerberg in Congress was the allegations that the company allowed U.K.-based firm Cambridge Analytica to use Facebook user data in attempts to sway public opinion in the 2016 elections. According to reports, Cambridge-Analytica improperly accessed 87 million Facebook users’ data. Following the highly-covered Congress testimony, Zuckerberg has promised to fix its security problems and to make sure that the same incident will not happen.
But it is not the end of Facebook’s security mishaps. Only recently, Facebook was involved in another data breach, where the company has admitted that it has been saving user passwords in human-readable format, and allowed those passwords to be exposed to thousands of Facebook employees. While Facebook defended the incident by saying that its employees did not use the exposed data in any way, multiple sectors have still slammed Facebook over the apparent recklessness of the company that leads to the exposure of thousands of user passwords.
The intense pressure on Facebook to secure user data may affect how Libra will perform in the market once the tech giant starts to roll it out early next year. As early as now, skepticism looms over Libra’s head as experts believed that it could be a venture, just many of other investments from Facebook, that users refuse to adopt.
Data shows users don’t trust Facebook in handling their money
And the numbers are glaring. In a study, most Facebook users (91%) said that they would not use the payment feature on Facebook Messenger. In 2015, Facebook rolled a payment option that can be done through its messaging app by connecting the U.S. issued credit and debit card as well as other payment merchants like Paypal. According to research firm Statista, around 79% of Facebook users who are aware of the feature did not use the payment option in Facebook Messenger.
In a greater scheme, consumer attitude towards online payments has also gone sour. Among those who currently access their bank and financial accounts online, about a quarter of people said they’re considering no longer doing so with mobile apps or via the internet, the MagnifyMoney survey added.
“This is largely because many U.S. consumers are more comfortable paying with either a credit card or cash instead of their mobile device,” the company added. “Additionally, the technology shift at the point-of-sale on the merchant side has been slow.” eMarketer expects that percentage to climb gradually.
Governments are skeptical too
The growing skepticism amongst users isn’t the only problem faced by Facebook’s Libra. Lawmakers also have their eyes on the recent project of Facebook. US Representative Maxine Waters, chair of the House Financial Services Committee, asked Facebook to halt work on the unit it answers questions about privacy and security.
European officials have also expressed concern regarding Libra, citing that the system, if widely adopted, could shake the global economy and rival national banks. French Finance Minister Bruno Le Maire sent a letter to officials from the G7 and International Monetary Fund calling for a group to examine Libra’s impact on the global financial system. Le Maire said that Libra must not become a “sovereign currency,” while a German politician noted Facebook’s potential to become a “shadow bank” to the global financial system.
Nonetheless, the lawmakers come forward with the acknowledgment that they are yet to understand the dynamics of Libra and what it means for the global economy. But whether or not Facebook can convince governments of the benefits of having a digital currency is worth watching out for.
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