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Baby Carrots & Chlorine, Does A Viral Message Reveal The Truth? Yes and no.

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Baby Carrots

The Truth About Baby Carrots and Chlorine

It’s not every day that you can lend any credibility to the many viral things that get passed around on Facebook or Twitter. If anything, Facebook has almost revived the old chain letter spam that you used to get by email, but now you’ll find it shared on your Facebook wall or in your newsfeed. It was just yesterday when I ran across one of these items being shared in my newsfeed that screamed, “DANGER TO YOUR FAMILY!!” What was this lurking danger that your family needed to know about? Apparently there is some information about baby carrots that most people don’t know.

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The current viral explosion looks like it was originally shared by a man named Victor Zammit on January 10th, 2013 and is has now reached 23,101 shares and is still getting shared every few seconds. The message is as follows:

Baby Carrot Chlorine Facebook Message

“DANGER TO YOUR FAMILY!!
From the Department of Life Education:

Baby Carrots:
The following is information from a farmer who grows and packages carrots for IGA, METRO, LOBLAWS, etc.

The small cocktail (baby) carrots you buy in small plastic bags are made using the larger crooked or deformed carrots which are put through a machine which cuts and shapes them into cocktail carrots – most people probably know this already.

What you may not know and should know is the following:
Once the carrots are cut and shaped into cocktail carrots they are dipped in a solution of water and chlorine in order to preserve them (this is the same chlorine used in your pool).

Since they do not have their skin or natural protective covering, they give them a higher dose of chlorine.

You will notice that once you keep these carrots in your refrigerator for a few days, a white covering will form on the carrots. This is the chlorine which resurfaces. At what cost do we put our health at risk to have esthetically pleasing vegetables?

Chlorine is a very well-known carcinogen, which causes Cancer. I thought this was worth passing on. Pass it on to as many people as possible in hopes of informing them where these carrots come from and how they are processed.

I used to buy those baby carrots for vegetable dips. I know that I will never buy them again!!!!”

It all makes the situation sound pretty horrible, doesn’t it? It appears this same information was spreading at the end of 2008 and all through 2009. In 2011 it had a resurgence and in 2013 it has now taken off with a vengeance thanks to the ability for people to share things on Facebook.

We’re posting some shots of Google Trend graphs of people searching for baby carrots along with people searching for baby carrots chlorine. You can see that every time the blue graph spikes there is an underlying search interest that is popping up about baby carrots and chlorine. Unfortunately for the mini peeled carrot companies, whether they are organic farms or not, the trend seems to have gotten bigger than it ever has in the past. One thing that this reveals to me is that people find it important to know that baby carrots sold in bags in the store are not in fact baby carrots. The other thing it seems is pretty important to people is finding out that the baby carrots are either soaked in chlorine or they are rinsed with chlorine before they are shipped to you to consume.

Baby Carrot Chlorine Search

Now one more trend graph we’ll take a look at before jumping in and trying to see if there any truth to all this is the most recent trend. The trend graph above is from 2004 to 2013 so we can see the trends over time. If we zoom in and just look at January 2012 to January 2013 we see a significant spike in people going to Google and searching for “baby carrots chlorine.” We did find some other people searching for baby carrots and bleach but we haven’t found much information on that so we’re going to leave it alone for now. One thing is for certain, if you’re in the carrot farming business and you’re selling “mini carrots, “baby carrots”, “peeled carrots” or all the other names given to this creation, you might want to get your PR people on this.

Baby Carrots 2013 spike after Facebook Message

Since I started juicing in 2012 I became very interested in carrots and these baby carrots are easy for preparation, snacking and even juicing because you don’t have to clean them, chop them and prepare them for snacking or juicing. My wife and I started buying Earthbound Farm Organic Mini Peeled Carrots from Costco months ago to save time and a little money. What we used to buy were the very large and great tasting carrots also from Earthbound Farm.

Now it seems I may be one of the only people that didn’t know this, but I really wasn’t paying attention or aware that baby carrots are not baby carrots at all. The carrots are in fact cut from larger carrots to a smaller size, peeled with a machine and then mechanical peelers and shapers make them look like little baby carrots. I do feel a little bit deceived but it’s honestly my own ignorance that lead me to believe these carrots were baby carrots grown from the ground. If you’re curious what a machine looked like that shapes and mechanically peels the larger carrots down to baby carrots the image below shows what one looks like:

Baby Carrot Machine

Baby Carrots Mechanical Peelers

Taking a look in Google images at “baby carrots growing” you can definitely see real baby carrots are much more long, slender and have a different look to them as you can see below.

Baby Carrots Growing

Is the white stuff on baby carrots chlorine? No.

So while we’re on the topic of these normal carrots being mechanically peeled and shaped to look like baby carrots, let’s debunk some misinformation that is being spread about the baby carrots and chlorine causing white marks on the carrots. From the viral piece of Facebook spreading about mini carrots and chlorine it states, “You will notice that once you keep these carrots in your refrigerator for a few days, a white covering will form on the carrots. This is the chlorine which resurfaces.” This part is just absolutely absurd. The white covering is simply cuts and gashes from the carrot being peeled and mechanically shaped into a cute little baby carrots. You can test this out for yourself by getting an unaltered carrot and cutting it up with a knife and letting it sit out. You will notice that the parts you’ve cut with the knife will look white as the carrot dries out and the water evaporates.

I put two pictures below of the “mini peeled carrots” I buy from Costco under the brand Earthbound Farm. Let’s take a look at the packaging first. The first picture below is of the front of the packaging which you can see is clearly labeled “ORGANIC” and the second picture is what the sales display looks like in Costco of the Earthbound Farm “Organic Peeled Carrots” that are in the 5 pound bag for $5.79. At Costco when something is Organic they often highlight the word on the price tag with green to alert you that you’re buying an organic product. I would have to say the labeling and pricetag do state that these are “peeled” carrots and also Earthbound Farm’s box says, “Mini Peeled Carrots” which hints at the fact that these carrots are mechanically shaped. In the second picture you can see that the only ingredient listed on the bag is, “Organic Carrots.” The back of the package also states Earthbound’s product description which says, “Fresh from the fields to you, Earthbound Farm organic mini peeled carrots are delicious and nutritious.” If you take a look in the second picture you can see the white look the carrots get after you’ve had them for a week or so from the mechanical peeling & cutting marks showing after water evaporates.

Earthbound Farm Organic Baby Carrots

Earthbound Farms Baby Carrot Ingredients

Now what about the chlorine, are mini carrots really soaked in a chlorine solution, then bagged up and shipped to you to consume? Yes and no it seems. The catch to me is that I assumed that using chlorine on products that you’re eating wouldn’t be an organic approved process. According to Earthbound Farm’s statement on Facebook however, the “lightly chlorinated water” is in compliance with the USDA organic regulations.” I found that someone asked them about the baby carrot rumor spreading on Facebook and they quickly answered the question honestly. I definitely have to give Earthbound Farm some kudos for addressing the matter! The question on Facebook and their statement is as follows:

Earthbound Farm Facebook Answer to Baby Carrot Rumors

From: Samantha Heitov Whittle

“Sorry if this has been answered, but is there any truth the baby carrots soaked in chlorine thing that’s floating around the internet? and if so, are EBFarm baby carrots treated this way? thanks!”

Earthbound Farm reply to Samantha’s question:

“Hi Samantha, Thanks for the question. Our Earthbound Farm Mini Peeled Carrots are a specific variety of full size carrots that are particularly sweet. They are harvested, cut to size and peeled with mechanical peelers. Since this is a ready to eat product, they are then washed with a chilled, lightly chlorinated water, rinsed and packaged. This procedure is in compliance with the USDA organic regulations and is used to ensure the highest food safety standards. – Hillary at Earthbound”

This was almost to the letter the same exact explanation that Earthbound gave another customer by email nearly three years ago. I found the previous statement from Earthbound Farm on Yahoo Answers from a customer posting about it to see if other people were aware of the chlorine in carrots and mechanical processing. What is great is that at least the statement has stayed consistent and stories aren’t changing. It seems that most companies that sell baby carrots have made similar statements and all have about the same process whether they are organic carrots or non-organic carrots.

So let’s sum up the facts we’ve confirmed about baby carrots:

  • Baby Carrots Are Cut To Size
  • Baby Carrots Are Peeled & Shaped With Mechanical Peelers
  • Baby Carrots Are Washed With Chlorinated Water
  • USDA Organic Regulations Approve of Chlorine for cleaning
  • Baby Carrots Are Not Soaked In Wash Water*
  • White On Carrots Are From Peeling & Dehydration Process*
  • Drinking Water Has The Same 4 ppm Chlorine Regulation*
  • Carrots Are Grown Specifically For Baby Carrots / Mini Peeled Carrots*

* Anything marked with this is information confirmed and derived from a response from Earthbound Farm which is listed below in their response. Some of the items could be different according to the company but we can confirm it is the case with Earthbound Farm.

I looked more into the USDA’s regulation surrounding the use of chlorine for cleaning, disinfecting and it’s use on organic products. A document I found dated May 6th, 2011 called National Organic Program Notice to Stakeholders and Interested Parties with a subject of: “Issuance of Final Guidance and Response to Comments” states some pretty specific things about using chlorine on organic products and the limits allowed.

Under a section called changes requested but not made listed as item number two it states:

“Free Chlorine Materials Should Never Exceed 4 ppm when in Contact with Organic Products. One certification agency disagreed with the interpretation that chlorine levels higher than those permitted by the Safe Drinking Water Act (generally 4 parts per million (ppm) for free chlorine) should be allowed in direct contact with organic products. The commenter suggested that peracetic acid is an available alternative to chlorine with less concern for human health and negative environmental impact. We acknowledge this concern, but this guidance followed the advice of the NOSB recommended a final rinse with potable water as a measure to protect consumers from excessive levels of chlorine in organic products. New developments in food safety techniques and materials may merit further review by the NOSB, and members of the public may wish to petition NOSB for a change in status of chlorine products in the future.”

What is the NOSB? The NOSB is the National Organic Standards Board. They are comprised of the following:

Membership. Appointed by the Secretary of Agriculture, the NOSB is a Federal Advisory Committee comprised of the following members of the organic community:
  • Four farmers/growers
  • Three environmentalists/resource conservationists
  • Three consumer/public interest advocates
  • Two handlers/processors
  • One retailer
  • One scientist (toxicology, ecology, or biochemistry)
  • One USDA accredited certifying agent

It seems that if you’re unhappy as a consumer about baby carrots / mini peeled carrots being treated with chlorine beyond potentially safe levels that you that USDA recommends that you petition the National Organic Standards Board for change. If this is important to you, it’s up to you to make a difference and make your case for change!

I did reach out to Earthbound Farm with a list of questions in hopes that they would answer. I’m still waiting to see if they answer and if they do, I’ll definitely post their answers to my specific questions. For the record, here is the email I sent to Earthbound Farms:

“Hi Earthbound Farms!

My wife and I are purchasers of your product. We get your baby carrots from Costco and love them because it reduces our prep time. I saw the Facebook rumor passing around about the baby carrots being soaked in chlorine. I was happy to see you answered the question on your Facebook wall from a customer.

I’m currently doing a news story on the topic for z6mag.com and wanted to know if you have anything else to add, besides the official statement you have used for the last few years.

I also wanted to see if you have any video of your baby carrot processing to help people understand the process more instead of the “hype” that seems to be built into the Facebook message. Do you have any statement or statistics on the amount of chlorine used in the rinse process or how much remains on or in a mini carrot that is consumed?

Are the carrots soaked in the chlorine solution, or are they rinsed? Are the carrots discarded & unusable large carrots or are they specifically grown for the mini peeled carrot process? Does Earthbound feel that the white look of the carrots is from chlorine or that typical of any carrot after it has dried out a bit?

We would love to get any help putting together this news piece to make sure that people are not set with misconceptions about this. I have to be honest, I feel that we are probably coming into contact with more chlorine by going to the public pool or maybe even drinking our own tap water.

Any help with the facts would be appreciated!

Sincerely a customer,
Joel Mackey
joelmackey@gmail.com
Executive Editor at z6mag.com”

I’m pleased to let you know that we did hear back from Earthbound Farms this morning around 11:34am. I’m really pleased with the response from Samantha at Earthbound because she’s extremely, frank, courteous and very informative. I definitely don’t want to paraphrase the information given to me from Samantha at Earthbound Farm as I feel they have the right to have their opinion heard considering the viral messages going around. I have added some bolding to the type font to highlight important parts. The message I received from Samantha today is posted below in it’s entirety, a partial screenshot is also below:

Earthbound Farm Response On Mini Peeled Carrots

From: Earthbound Farm

“Hi, Joel.

Just saw your post on z6mag.com and so I checked this message box. I don’t have any video of the baby carrot processing, but I’ve watched it myself. The carrots are not soaked in the wash water and I wouldn’t call it a chlorine solution because it’s by far and away primarily water — even though it’s accurate to say it’s a solution, I think it creates the wrong impression.

I haven’t timed the wash/rinse, but it’s probably a minute or less. According to the organic standards, residual chlorine must be no more than 4 parts per million, which is the same allowance as drinking water in the US.

The chlorine is an important, if small, part of the process to help mitigate any harmful bacteria that might come in on the carrots. Remember, they are grown in the soil and, for the most part, these mini-peeled carrots are eaten right out of the bag so there would be no cooking to deal with those issues.

Certainly, we’d like to use something other than chlorine as our sanitizer (and we are working on a few research projects with citrus-based sanitizers), but to date, we have yet to find another that is as effective in low concentrations as chlorine.

The carrots are grown specifically for this process and are a variety with very little central core — not rejects or discards (otherwise they wouldn’t be so sweet).

As many people smarter than I am have written, the white on the carrots has nothing to do with the chlorine and everything to do with the peeling process and then drying out. And I would add that if people are still uncomfortable with the concept, then I would encourage them to choose regular unpeeled table carrots, which we also produce in abundance. They are less expensive, but less convenient since you’d have to wash (please!), peel (or not) and cut up to have the nice, snack sized pieces that you get in a bag of mini-peeled carrots.

And at Earthbound Farm, we’ve always called them mini-peeled carrots as opposed to baby carrots. It’s just a more accurate description of what they are.

Thanks, Joel. Please let me know if you have any other questions.

Samantha”

I wanted to make sure that drinking water is in fact at 4 ppm as Samantha said. I trust her as she’s very informative, just want to make sure we’re all going by the facts here. The acceptable amount by the EPA is listed on an article that discusses drinking water regulations for disinfectants. The EPA calls this limit the maximum residual disinfectant level (MRDL) which is listed at the following level for Chlorine:

EPA Drinking Water Chlorine Limits

So there you have it, hopefully we’ll get more detailed answers to things like how much chlorine is used in the process and if it is completely rinsed off before the carrots even get to your store. I have to think that If you go to the public pool you are most likely coming into contact with more chlorine than from the cleaning process of these baby carrots. It seems this isn’t a baby carrot chlorine conspiracy, hoax or whatever you want to call it, but is something to keep you safe and make your life easier. It has also been stated by other people that most of the vegetable industry cleans their produce with a chlorine wash to keep things from rotting as fast and kill bacteria to keep you safe.

What questions do you have about the mini peeled carrots and chlorine?

Do you think it’s acceptable that something sold as organic is bathed in chlorine water, do you think that’s safe?
We’d love to hear from you and would love post any comments you have about this matter.

Baby Carrots and Chlorine, The Truth

How Baby Carrots Are Made Video

Baby Carrot Myth of Chlorine and Unsafe

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0 Comments

  1. Richmond

    January 24, 2013 at 9:41 pm

    I use to work for Golden Dairy which bottles most the water you find on your shelves. Technically it is all what they claim they are Mountain Spring or Glacier ext. I will give you one example on how they get away with this.lie. They go-to a hydrant and they have some type of meter that tells the Gallons they spend very little for many truck loads from the towns. They have this large hill with rocks running into I guess it would be a colvert or a grate at the bottom with a well. They repump it out and back into the tanker. They send it to Gold dairy where they get the orders from the warehouses like affiliated, Quality, and Mcclain ext. they run a load through the ozone machine which I really hated. You can smell it soon as you open your bottles. It electrifies the water the same way as if lightning hits it. It then gets poured into the bottles are gallons with no label then depending on the order they label it with whatever label they want. Then box it up. That Alpine water is no different than the cost cutter brands. They are all the same. What will really make you angry is that when you get it it is marked up from 90% or more . I could by the most expensive brand by the gallons for 10 cents A gallon.you will pay the going rate.of what it is selling for at the time. Again it is a big scam your better off just getting your own tap water if you have a tax exempt number you can buy it through them direct at a way much cheaper price.

    • Richmond

      January 24, 2013 at 9:48 pm

      The way they get away with it is, all water use to be glacial and the process of the way it travels they can call it anything they want because where it goes. They have been to court over this and won their argument.

  2. diana

    January 22, 2013 at 10:23 am

    if drinking water was that unsafe they wouldnt allow the public to drink it. Seriously 7/10 bottled waters have been proven to be either tap water or very close to it. Many are not distilled or filter at all Oprah did a huge special on this a couple years ago with Dr. Oz.

    • kenman

      January 23, 2013 at 8:55 pm

      I guess you believe it because Oprah did a special on it?

  3. eduardo

    January 21, 2013 at 11:07 pm

    First question is why is it that we do not have time to peel and cut a few carrots for juicing or for dipping? Second. What in this world is more important than the food we eat? (the air we inhale and the water we drink). Third. Why would anybody knowingly ingest very minuscule amounts of carcinogenic chlorine, even when declared safe by an institution known to serve industry, which will then be added to the dozens of man made toxins we already have accumulated in our bodies (from the time we were fetuses)?
    http://www.ewg.org/reports/bodyburden2/execsumm.php

    And there is more, much more.
    eduardo

    • Dena

      February 9, 2016 at 12:36 am

      When you consider the very real risk of e-Coli outbreak from eating untreated raw vegetables, I think the less than 4 parts per million that is rinsed off after they are treated is the better alternative.

      When you consider that they are rinsed off after they are rinsed in the barely chlorinated water, Most people are getting a lot more than that in their drinking water.

  4. Lisa

    January 21, 2013 at 7:40 pm

    I feel a LOT better about this after seeing the facts and knowing that the chlorine is the same amount as tap water. Thanks!

    • Dan Richards

      January 21, 2013 at 7:51 pm

      Lisa you should know that drinking water is NOT safe. You should be filtering your drinking water. It has contaminants, high amounts of metals and other dangerous chemicals in it. You’re lucky you don’t live in Africa but it still is not safe.

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Editors' Pick

AMCA Breach: 20 Million Victims, 19 Class Actions

[bctt tweet=”AMCA previously reported that there were only 200,000 victims in the recent breach, but their partner labs said there were more than 20 million.” username=”Z6Mag”]

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AMCA previously reported that there were only 200,000 victims in the recent breach but the company, but their partner labs said there were more than 20 million.
AMCA previously reported that there were only 200,000 victims in the recent breach but the company, but their partner labs said there were more than 20 million. Photo: cbgrfx123 | Flickr | CC BY-SA 2.0

More than 20 million and not 200,000 have fallen victim to a massive data breach that has seen medical clients using the services of healthcare billing company, American Medical Collection Agency (AMCA), to pay for their laboratory tests in different blood testing labs across the U.S. were confirmed by the SEC filings of affected medical institutions amidst the earlier claims of AMCA that there were fewer victims.

The data breach was a result of a cyber attack that aims to phish for financial information from the website of the AMCA. The exposed data belongs to Americans who paid laboratory services at several clinical and blood testing labs and institutions and used the AMCA billing portal.

What happened in the AMCA breach?

Data that were stolen from the victims include their names, phone numbers, dates of birth, home addresses, social security numbers, credit card numbers, and other bank details. The said information was auctioned off by the hacker in several financial hacking forums.

According to DataBreaches.net, the organization who first reported about the incident, AMCA officials, following the notification of the breach confirmed that their system has been compromised and has remained undetected for more than eight months. AMCA corroborated that the breach took place between August 1, 2018, and March 30, 2019.

Notifications have been sent by several of AMCA’s corporate partners and clients to their customers following the disclosure of the security breach that has seen information from millions of Americans compromised.

Related: Hospitals Only Spend 5% Of Its Budget For Cybersecurity Amidst 82% Of Them Reporting To Have Been Attacked

The list of impacted testing laboratories includes Quest Diagnostics (11.9 million patients), LabCorp (7.7 million patients), BioReference Laboratories (Opko Health subsidiary, 422,600 patients), Carecentrix (500,000 patients), and Sunrise Laboratories (undisclosed number of patients).

However, neither the AMCA nor its five clients have yet to notify ALL impacted citizens by the breach making them vulnerable to a lot of cyber crimes and their financial data could be used by anyone who gets hold of the information against the persons of those who still don’t know that their financial information is floating around the internet.

The companies involved in the breach are facing several lawsuits

Appropriately, the lawsuit came into the direction of AMCA, Quest, and LabCorp regarding the incident. More than 11 class-suite actions have been filed against the three companies for their inability to protect consumer data. The 11 lawsuits were recorded at The United States Judicial Panel on Multidistrict Litigation (JPML) on June 3. Since then, eight more lawsuits were filed against the companies in federal courts from New Jersey, New York, and California.

According to litigation experts, “If many cases are filed in federal court, any of the lawyers on any of those cases can file a motion with the JPML [..] to centralize the various federal cases that have been filed by sending all of them to a single judge for coordinated pre-trial proceedings.”

“Healthcare companies are especially susceptible to data breaches not only because they aggregate a tremendous amount of important and sensitive data, but also because they tend to be less focused on cybersecurity protection than other industries,” said John Yanchunis of Morgan and Morgan, one of the firms who filed lawsuits against Quest Diagnostics.

“These companies, like Quest Diagnostics, know they are at an increased risk and yet have not taken the proper steps to protect their patients’ data. We will fight for justice on behalf of those impacted by this breach,” added Yanchunis.

Lawmakers are demanding an explanation

The U.S. government, led by attorneys general from Connecticut and Illinois has also opened an investigation on the matter. Furthermore, lawmakers and other politicians have sent letters to the responding companies to ask for an explanation of why an eight-month data breach remained undetected and to demand accountability from them.

In Washington, US Sen. Mark Warner (D-VA) also sent a letter to Quest Laboratories demanding the company explain its vetting process for selecting AMCA as a billing vendor, and what requirements a third-party vendor has to pass. Democratic New Jersey Sens. Cory Booker and Bob Menendez also sent letters to AMCA, Quest, and LabCorp, seeking official answers on how a breach of this severity went undetected for eight months.

“The months-long leak leaves sensitive personal and financial information vulnerable in the hands of criminal enterprises. Moreover, such breaches force victims to contend with identity theft that may lead to irreparable harm to their credit reports and financial future,” said the letter sent by the NJ senators.

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Arts & Entertainment

‘The Hunger Games’ Is Launching A Prequel And A Possible Movie

[bctt tweet=”Suzanne Collins is releasing a prequel to The Hunger Games storyline and Lionsgate is already looking forward in turning it into a blockbuster movie” username=”Z6Mag”]

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Source: Scholastic

Almost fours years after the last The Hunger Games movie (The Hunger Games: Mockingjay Part II) and almost nine years after the first book from the trilogy was released, Suzanne Collins is returning with the famed trilogy — but this time in a form of a prequel.

Scholastic, the publishing company that distributed Collins’ The Hunger Games trilogy, announced today that it is publishing a prequel novel to the series, currently untitled, which will hit shelves on May 19, 2020.

“Suzanne Collins is a master at combining brilliant storytelling, superb world-building, breathtaking suspense, and social commentary,” Scholastic Trade Publishing President Ellie Berger said in a statement. “We are absolutely thrilled — as both readers and publishers — to introduce the devoted fans of the series and a new audience to an entirely new perspective on this modern classic.”

Collins’ original Hunger Games trilogy—The Hunger GamesCatching Fire, and Mockingjay—altogether, sold more than 100 million copies and has been translated into more than 50 languages. Moreover, The Hunger Games books appeared on the New York Times bestseller list for more than 260 consecutive weeks (more than five straight years).

After writing the last installment in 2010, Collins teased in 2013 that she was working on a new series, but did not say whether it was related to The Hunger Games.

This time, the novel will be set in the world of Panem, 64 years before the events of the original Hunger Games trilogy—the morning where Katniss Everdeen volunteered as a tribute on the 74th Hunger Games. Presumably, Katniss Everdeen played by Jeniffer Lawrence will not be involved in the upcoming novel.

Based on the previous novels in the series, 74 years before the main novels, the 13 Districts of Panem already tried to initiate a rebellion against the Capital. In the aftermath of the failed attempt, 12 Districts remained to leave District 13 to rubbles. The Hunger Games was a result and served as a reminder that all the other Districts should obediently comply with the Capital’s rule.

The novel will take place 10 years after the first rebellion and will tell the story of Panem during the “Dark Days following a failed rebellion in Panem “With this book, I wanted to explore the state of nature, who we are, and what we perceive is required for our survival,” Collins told the Associated Press in the announcement. “The reconstruction period 10 years after the war, commonly referred to as the Dark Days — as the country of Panem struggles back to its feet — provides fertile ground for characters to grapple with these questions and thereby define their views of humanity.”

On other news, the Lionsgate film studio, who adapted The Hunger Games trilogy into movies, is already looking forward to the next addition to Collins’ franchise given that it received praise and public attention for producing them.

“As the proud home of the Hunger Games movies, we can hardly wait for Suzanne’s next book to be published,” said Joe Drake, chairman of the Lionsgate Motion Picture Group, in a recent statement to the Associated Press. “We’ve been communicating with her during the writing process and we look forward to continuing to work closely with her on the movie.”S

Lionsgate turned Collins’ Hunger Games novels into a series of four films, dividing the last novel, Hunger Games: Mockingjay, into a two-part finale. Over the course of the four movies, it earned almost $3 billion dollars an the worldwide box office with the last movie earning $653.4 million.

Collins helped with the movies as an executive producer and a co-screenwriter on the first 2012 movie but distanced herself after she finalized Mockingjay in 2010.

Lionsgate is also known to have produced Twilight, which is one of their platinum franchises along with Collins’ trilogy. The studio earlier licensed The Hunger Games to theme parks and live concert tours being built around the movie franchise.

Additionally, it starred Jenniffer Lawrence who played the main character as Katniss Everdeen in all of the four movies, which helped catapult her acting career in 2012.

Scholastic acquired world English rights to the prequel novel and it will publish in print, digital and audio formats in the US, Canada, the UK and Ireland, Australia, and New Zealand next year. The deal was negotiated by Rosemary Stimola of the Stimola Literary Studio for Suzanne Collins and David Levithan, VP, Publisher, and Editorial Director, for Scholastic.

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Editors' Pick

Global Ice Melting At Rates Faster Than Expected

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Photo by Sergey Kuznetsov on Unsplash

The global ice, or the size and number of glaciers located across cold spots around the world, is a clear indicator of the effects of global warming. With human’s excessive and consistent use of o-zone depleting resources such as fossil fuels — the rate of global ice is melting will only keep accelerating.

The National Snow and Ice Data Center reported that based on data they have gathered since the1900s, glaciers around the globe are shrinking and melting at an alarming rate.

Arctic sea ice has been in constant general low over the years following the increasing trend of greenhouse gas. Additionally, as the frozen ground across the Arctic melts, it releases a massive amount of methane, a potent greenhouse gas. Scientists say that this effect could make global ice melt accelerate even faster.

A separate study found that parts of the Canadian Arctic are experiencing a rate of permafrost thaw six times the long-term average.

Meanwhile, melted ice is especially notable both in and around Greenland — home to the second largest ice sheet on the planet.

“Communities in #Greenland rely on the sea ice for transport, hunting, and fishing. Extreme events, here flooding of the ice by abrupt onset of surface melt call for increased predictive capacity in the Arctic,” Steffen Olsen, a climate researcher at the Danish Meteorological Institute said in a tweet.

Olsen was referring to Greenland losing 2 billion metric tons of ice. “The high melt is unusual so early in the season but not unprecedented,” Greenland Ice said in a tweet.

Experts are calling the lost ice “not normal” considering that it equates to almost half of Greenland. Roughly 45 percent of the ice sheet surface has been melting. Usually, less than 10 percent of the ice sheet surface is melting at this time of year. According to data from the National Snow and Ice Data Center, Wednesday set a daily record for the widest melt area on that date, with 275,000 square miles.

“I’m losing the ability to communicate the magnitude [of change],” Jeremy Mathis, a longtime Arctic researcher and a current board director at the National Academies of Sciences told Mashable. “I’m running out of adjectives to describe the scope of change we’re seeing.”

On other parts of the globe, a city in western Alaska is experiencing drastic changes to its land formations as the state’s ice and permafrost are starting to thaw away.

“Springtime in Alaska isn’t what it used to be. This is the 3rd time past 21 years we can say” warmest spring of record.” 1998 was the warmest to date, exceeded in 2016 and now 2016 exceeded in 2019. Trend +4.0F (+2.2C) since the 1970s.” Rick Thoman said in a tweet.

The continued ice and permafrost melting in Iceland are causing significant damages in terms of requiring towns and villages like Newtok in western Alaska to relocate to avoid dangers.

“It’s a real challenge because in the US there isn’t the precedence to deal with this and there isn’t the political framework to deal with it either,” said Susan Natali, a scientist and Arctic expert at the Woods Hole Research Center in Massachusetts. “The numbers needing relocation will grow, the costs are going up and people’s lives and cultural practices will be impacted.

“Every year there’s a new temperature record, it’s getting worse and worse and you feel like a broken record saying it. This should be the number one urgent conversation happening right now because it’s not just going to be Alaska, it’s going to be other communities all over the US,” Natali added.

The problem does not only persist in Greenland, the Arctic or Alaska. Global ice is melting all across the globe. “The famed snows of Kilimanjaro have melted more than 80 percent since 1912. Glaciers in the Garhwal Himalaya in India are retreating so fast that researchers believe that most central and eastern Himalayan glaciers could virtually disappear by 2035 […] From the Arctic to Peru, from Switzerland to the equatorial glaciers of Man Jaya in Indonesia, massive ice fields, monstrous glaciers, and sea ice are disappearing, fast,” the National Geographic reported.

This week, the Pope has talked to oil executives in the Vatican to find solutions in the growing problem of global warming. He called for a “radical energy transition” from conventional fossil fuels and develop greener energy alternatives.

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