On December 7, 1941, a fairly calm day in Hawaii, the Japanese shocked the world by bombing Pearl Harbor. December 8 President Roosevelt gave his Day of Infamy speech, and that same day the United States declared war on Japan, three days later the U.S declared war on Germany. 3,500 Americans were killed or injured in the incident.
Many of the warships that had been sunk by the bombing had been risen to fight again, only three of the ships that had sunk were unsalvageable.
Although the reason for the attack remains unclear, in 1940 the United States had prohibited exports of steel, iron, and scrap metal; in June, the United States, as well as Great Britain and the Netherlands, froze Japanese assets, which hindered their ability to purchase oil. America had wanted to stop the Japanese expansion as well, but at that time were not willing to go to war for the cause.
The United States had broken diplomatic code and knew the Japanese were going to attack, however, the attack happened before the warning from Washington had been received.
The attack came in two waves of terror that lasted two hours.
71 years later the American people still remember that horrific attack, and take the time to remember and honor the loved ones that were lost; in Washington D.C the flags are being flown at half mass to commemorate the dead.
Pearl Harbor Oahu takes visitors on a historical tour where they may pay their respects to the dead at the place of the bombing; ironically it is not open on pearl harbor day.
The 71st anniversary of the attack is commemorated by Americans all over the world, and in Pearl Harbor Hawaii it is being celebrated by 50 of the Pearl Harbor survivors of the attack that still remain. At 7:55 a.m the ship’s whistle, of the newly named USS Michael Murphy, began the moment of silence, and also marks the time when the bombings began. The Navy and National Park Service host the ceremony to honor the 2,390 military members and 49 civilians that perished in the attack.
Pearl Harbor was one of the most frightening days in American history, and played a large role in World War two, as well as a large role in the history of the United States. In honor of all those people who lost their lives in Pearl Harbor, may they forever be remembered and may they rest in peace.
Pearl Harbor Day Remembered
December 7, 2013 marks the 71st anniversary of the attack on Pearl Harbor, the event that thrust the United States into World War II and created some of our most distinguished veterans. In recognition, we provide some of the most famous words by an American president, from Dec. 8, 1941.