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420 Meaning? April 20th Is America’s National Pot Smoking Day

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420 Meaning Marijuana

It comes every year and Friday April 20th, 2012 is no different as it represents America’s National Pot Smoking Day. That’s not to say that other countries don’t partake in the celebration or even recognizing the number or day as weed day. Many countries celebrate 420 day.

It’s not just the specific day but also the time, 4:20pm and actually even 4:20am that is celebrated as a time to, “toke it up.” If you want to be honest about it, hardcore marijuana smokers celebrate this number at least a couple times a week by either smiling or lighting up a joint when the clock strikes 4:20.

Watch videos below on the meaning of 420 & people celebrating

National 420 DayThe movement had gotten so popular at one college in Boulder, Colorado that they have tried to ban all 420 events and celebrations on their campus. The University of Colorado has become a mecca for people to travel to and get high on 4/20. The Norlin Quad at the University of Colorado was the place where over 10,000 people would gather and spark one.

This year though, the habit has to stop says University officials in Boulder. They have arranged with police and campus security to give out trespassing charges to anyone who is not faculty, staff or students. It remains to be seen whether this years attempts to keep marijuana activists and celebrators off of the campus worked. The pictures from previous years at the UC Campus in Boulder are pretty impressive with clouds of haze hanging above the partiers.

So what is the 420 meaning and why does it mean smoking pot? Well myths and legends have been spread for nearly 40 years as to why it has become synonmous with pot smoking. An About.com investigation helped reveal the following about the day:

“According to Steven Hager, editor of High Times, the term 420 originated at San Rafael High School, in 1971, among a group of about a dozen pot-smoking wiseacres who called themselves the Waldos, who are now pushing 50. The term was shorthand for the time of day the group would meet, at the campus statue of Louis Pasteur, to smoke pot. Intent on developing their own discreet language, they made 420 code for a time to get high, and its use spread among members of an entire generation. While our teens feel that they know something we don’t, you can let them in on the fact that it was your generation that came up with the numbers.

A quote from one of the Waldos in the High Times article states, “We did discover we could talk about getting high in front of our parents without them knowing by using the phrase 420.” Fortunately, your teenagers will not have that same option as their parents too grew up in a drug culture and should pretty much know better.”

That should clear up what the real meaning of 420 is but there are still a lot of ideas on how it started. The following things have been proven to be false in some way or another. A popular one is Hitler’s Birthday being on April 20th but this has nothing to do with it since the origination of 4:20 Pot time is by the clock, not the day. No, police do not use the number 420 to communicate about pot smokers or marijuana busts. There aren’t 420 active chemicals in marijuana, there are actually 315.

Either way, if you are taking part in any celebrations for 4/20/12 be safe and try not to do it much in public. Unless you’re in a state where marijuana is legal you need to really keep your eyes peeled. the states that are listed by Medical Marijuana ProCon.org as states with either lax laws or laws that make marijuana legal are the following: Alaska, Arizona, Calfiornia, Colorado, DC, Delaware, Hawaii, Maine, Michigan, Montana, Nevada, New Jersey, New Mexico, Oregon, Rhode Island, Vermont and Washington. For more information on their specific laws you can check out the site.

This is Boulder, Colorado on 4/20/09.

420 CU Boulder @ Norlin Quad 4/20/07

420 Meaning

“The Meaning of 420”- Edmonton 2011

420 Rally Curchill Square, Edmonton, Alberta in 2011. Sharing peoples thoughts and opinions of what 420 means to them.

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Education

William Rick Singer’s Three Easy Ways To Get Into Great Universities; The College Admission Scheme

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The college admission scheme of William Rick SInger


The wealthy continue to define the line between them and the less fortunate because, apparently, even the most selective universities in the country can be bought—one way or the other.

Both parents and students alike are enraged after the turn of events involving 46 people on the most prominent college admissions cheating scheme in the country.

Those arrested include two SAT/ACT administrators, one exam proctor, nine coaches from elite schools, one college administrator and 33 parents.

These wealthy parents are not sparing a penny to get their children to good universities, as a report says that the elaborate scheme amounted to around $25 million. 

“This is not a case where parents were acting in the best interests of their children. This is a case where parents flaunted their wealth, sparing no expense to cheat the system, so they can set their children up for success with the best education money can buy, literally,” said Joseph Bonavolonta, FBI Special Agent-in-Charge, at a press conference.

Dubbed as the FBI’s “Operation Varsity Blues,” the college admissions scheme worked in two ways. 

At the center of it all was William Rick Singer, founder of Edge College & Career Network a for-profit college prepper. Mr. Singer is also known as “The Key.”

Singer’s elaborate scam, allegedly, only needed three ways to get the undeserving rich into great universities. 

The first is through cheating. 

Getting high scores on standardized SAT and ACT examinations are one of the sure ways of sealing a spot at admission even in the most selective universities. 

In the case of Singer’s clients, he was the one ensuring the candidates get high scores. Parents would be advised to let their children take the examination on a given date so another person, who’s a lot smarter, can take the test for them. In some cases, the children’s answer sheets would be replaced with ones that have higher results. 

In instances that the student cannot take the exam themselves, one merely need to submit a sample of her penmanship. This was to guide the person taking the exam for them to doctor their penmanship well.

Academy Award nominee, Felicity Huffman had Singer’s people arrange her daughter’s exam, which gained a significant 400 points higher than her practice exam the previous year only for $15,000.

Huffman allegedly wanted to do the same for her younger daughter but decided to back away.

How did they get away with this? By bribing the proctors.

Bribes function a lot in Singer’s admissions scheme. Like in the case of the third way, students get into prestigious universities.

Students pretend to be athletes. 

If students’ SAT and ACT scores won’t help them make the cut, Singer turns average students into competitive athletes. 

Some practices even went great lengths to the extent of photoshopping their children’s photos into stock photos of athletes to make it seem more realistic. 

Singer would bribe university coaches to let Singer’s clients in the university by making a play that they are athletes that the university can benefit from.

However, coaches didn’t have the power to admit students, but they did have the capability to recommend students. So they did with the right push, and it’s not a student’s talents or skills.

This was the case with Lori Loughlin’s two daughters.

Loughlin, famous with her role in Full House between 1988 and 1995, paid a total of $500,000 for Singer’s services to get her two daughters—Isabella, 20, and Olivia, 19—to participate in the University of Southern California’s Crew team. However, both of Loughlin’s daughters never participated in crew, competitively or otherwise.

All of these were transacted through Singer’s nonprofit, Key Worldwide Foundation—a charity that supposedly functions as an educational prepper for underprivileged children who wants to get into colleges and universities.

Parents would easily siphon their payments, without tax, for Singer’s services by giving a hefty donation for the underserved kids in the foundation.

This crooked system has been going on since 2011 and may have produced graduates from prestigious universities during that time. This may not be the only system of college admission schemes, but let this sensationalized conspiracy serve as a warning to whoever wishes to cheat their way through life.

The arrest and the case made against the cheating, lying and the rich who try to curb their future through unjust and unlawful means is a reminder the hard work pays off, and not everything can be bought.

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Education

Open Field Program Reawakens Black Academia In Chester County, South Carolina

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Black Academia Reawakens In Chester County, South Carolina

Brainerd Institute in Chester, South Carolina was the first and only school in the county for freed slaves and their children and was one of the largest and oldest institutions for Black students in the United States. It closed in 1939 and was up for sale. Actress Phylicia Rashad, daughter of a Brainerd’s alumni, purchased what remained of Brainerd Institute- Kulmer Hall.

Brainerd Institute started in 1866 as a school for freedman and was later named when Rev. Samuel Loomis established churches and schools among blacks near Chester on the Board of Missions of the Presbyterian Church’s order. Started as an elementary school, Brainerd soon expanded to ten grades by 1913 and was a four-year-high-school in the 1930s. When high school admission began to decline, it became Brainerd Junior College.

Public education later expanded in South Carolina, so opportunities for black student admission increased. The shift convinced the Presbyterian Church that Brainerd was no longer a necessity to the community. Reduction of entries and limited funds forced Brainerd to close in 1939.

With only Kulmer Hall as the only remaining building in the state, the property was up for sale. In the late 1990s, a local group was interested in preserving the school. Actress Phylicia Rashad and her sister, dancer Debbie Allen answered the call for support. They bought the only remaining building left of Brainerd in honor of their mother, Vivian Ayers Allen.

Not only Ayers Allen is an alumna of Brainerd’s final graduating class of 1939, but both of her parents were from Brainerd Institute as well. Allen grew up across the street from the school. On numerous occasions, she would bring her daughters to her childhood neighborhood, where they would spend their evenings dancing on the campus grounds. It’s no doubt why Brainerd Institute is very close to the family’s heart.

When Ayers Allen learned that her Alma Mater was on sale and could be redeveloped into apartment complexes, she felt like “someone has to do something.” And so her daughters, Phylicia Rashad and Debbie Allen bought the remaining Kumler Hall and had both hosted fundraising events for the restoration of the hall.

While Kumler Hall is currently under reconstruction, Ayers Allen and her daughters are using the campus’ green spaces for the Open Field Program. The program was first launched in Houston until it was brought to Brainerd. It started in 2017 as the first summer literacy workshop, held on the school’s fields and will continue in summer 2018. The program allows preschoolers to explore its interactive curriculum. Moreover, it offers lessons, workshops, and guest speakers that make students feel more like they are at camp than at school.

Ayers Allen and her daughters are committed to restoring Chester’s tradition of providing education to those in need. The three women will continue to restore Kumler Hall so someday, the Open Fields will become a year-long program that preserves and shares Brainerd Institute’s academic, artistic, and cultural contributions within the community.

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Education

Grammar Schools Are Disproportionately Benefiting From Condition Improvement Fund

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UK Government Is Using Fund For School Repairs For Grammar Schools Expansion

The main priority for Condition Improvement Fund (CIF) of the United Kingdom is to address significant requirements of schools by building compliance, improving poor building condition, and expanding existing facilities or floor spaces. However, Comprehensive Future discovered that grammar schools are disproportionately benefiting from CIF.

The fund is a government incentive that provides funding for specific improvements of schools and academies that has a significant impact on pupils’ progress. Applicants can apply for funding through the Education and Skills Funding Agency (ESFA) via an online portal.

Three main criteria are used by the government to specify whether a school should receive funding. First is the project need, where schools are assessed to determine the bulk of the funding. Second, project planning, where applicants need to show that the risks are understood and the solutions are attainable. The last test is the value of money; there will be an assessment of the breakdown of costs to see if they meet the demands of work.

In 2016, it has been reported that twenty grammar schools are given financial resources to construct new buildings, while only nineteen comprehensive schools are funded. Later in 2017, there were eight projects for grammar school classroom expansion, while only seven projects for comprehensive schools were approved. There are only 163 grammar schools and more than 3,200 comprehensive schools in the country.

Last year, applicants for CIF were more than 3,800 schools, but there are only 1435 of these applicants successfully received funding. Melissa Benn, chair of Comprehensive Future, reported that many of the 2,200 projects that got turned down last year are with a clear and urgent need for essential repair and renovation. Benn said that the government had funded grammar schools millions for building new science blocks, sports halls, and sixth form centers.

Given the fact that there are only 163 grammar schools in the country, Benn said that “it makes no sense” that the government is approving more projects in grammar schools than comprehensive schools.

Benn said that the way the government has used CIF is “secretive and undemocratic.” She aforementioned that they are aware of the government’s plans of funding grammar schools £50 million for further expansion, but based from the results of the CIF; it appears that the government has been using the fund for similar means.

“The Conservative government’s obsession with grammar schools, despite the now overwhelming evidence that selective schools damage the education of most children and add no real benefit even to those who go to them, suggests that they care more about the minority of children who pass the 11-plus than the majority attending comprehensive schools,” Benn concluded.

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