Tuberculosis or TB can cause a big destruction on women’s sexual reproductive health as well as to their, children especially those pregnant. Pregnant women living in TB affected areas are more likely to transfer to TB during the time the baby is inside the womb, at delivery period and after birth. It seems though that women are not given much focus on TB protection especially at poor regions like the sub-Saharan Africa. There is a threatening rate of TB at sub-Saharan Africa, making it more difficult for the region’s public health to provide immediate cure to the disease.
There are several factors needed, such as (1) Financial, human, research and technological investments, (2) TB services, (3) Sexual Reproductive Health Services. Furthermore, men and women, particularly men should be educated about the implications of TB to their health, their partner’s health and the whole family. While there are factors needed to cure the disease, there are causes of the disease outbreak such as: food shortage, sanitation, and overcrowding. Even though Africa has only 11% of the world’s population, there are estimated 2.4 billion TB cases, and 540,000 TB deaths annually according to World Health Organization (WHO). Furthermore, the government of sub-Saharan is struggling with lack of infrastructure and medicines. In sub-Saharan there were 61% or 13.1 million women affected by HIV which can lead to TB. Poverty and socio-economic positions are the problems of the people of Africa.
According to researchers, Rifampicin is the key component of TB treatment. However, it can lessen the effectiveness of oral contraceptive pills, implants, injectables and immediate contraception. Still, women with Tb should be enlightened or informed on how they can handle their lives to avoid the spread of TB disease and eventually affect the whole family.