Department of Labor & Industry Secretary Sandi Vito has reiterated that Pennsylvania’s child labor law has restricted hours of work and type of work that may be carried out by workers below the age of 18. Pennsylvania’s Child Labor Law cares for the safety, health and welfare of the employees that are minor and for this purpose, it limits the working hours, conditions and occupations concerned. Vito affirmed that though summer employment will be offering a good opportunity of gaining a valuable work experience and earning a paycheck to the minors living in Pennsylvania, but employers recruiting people under 18 would need to follow the rules and laws strictly ensuring a positive and safe experience.
As per the law, children under the age of 14 cannot be employed in any occupation, but they can work in domestic service or in family farms and can get involved in lawn or house chores. Children who are 14 – 15 years old can work between 7 a.m. to 10 p.m. and not more than eight hours a day. Along with this, they also need to have a vacation certificate for their occupation, except if they are involved in newspaper delivery, some farm work or caddies. Children of the age 16 or 17 can work eight hours a day with no night work limit, but they must have a transferable work permit in case they change their job.
Youth under the age of 18 cannot be employed in any dangerous occupations like explosive, electrical and excavating work, welding, heavy or cutting machinery, wrecking, demolition, mining, roofing, freight elevators and even railroad jobs. Minor employees will not be allowed work for more than six days a week and should be given a 30-minute meal period in between five consecutive hours of work. Additionally, both full time and part time employees will be paid at least the minimum wage, that is, $7.25 per hour.